Open Access makes publications freely available to readers, but monographs are not free to produce. University presses are not-for-profit enterprises working in a commercial market economy and publishing specialized scholarship that commercial publishers cannot afford to publish.
Quality is assured through peer review assessments, and by academic members of press committees and editorial boards that decide which manuscripts to publish. In Canada, university publishers generally have four revenue sources: government grants, publication grants and project fundraising, institutional subventions, and sales. First, national funding agencies such as the Department of Canadian Heritage and the Canada Council award grants to presses for monographs based on four criteria: Canadian authorship, a print edition, sales, and royalties paid to authors.
For OA to become a viable model, these funding agencies will need to reconsider the sales, print edition, and royalty bases on which funding is awarded. As matters stand, when a press offers a new title as OA, it loses grant funding; free downloads do not count in this funding model.
Presses nominate researchers whose manuscripts have been successfully peer reviewed and approved for publication by the press committee of academics. The ASPP supports up to titles annually, less than half the average number of academic monographs published each year by university presses in Canada. The ASPP is planning to begin awarding a small amount of additional support to authors who choose OA publication; however, the agency does not yet have a new funding envelope to support such a policy.
Third, most university presses receive some amount of institutional subvention, most commonly from operating funds, but also occasionally from philanthropic endowment payouts. The amount of institutional support and the percentage of the costs covered by an institutional subvention vary. The three university presses in Canada that operate in whole or in part as OA receive significantly higher operating funding from their institutions to invest in monograph development, publication digital and print , marketing, and distribution.
It continues to be accessed frequently and from around the world. Fourth, sales revenues and, in some cases, additional business activities such as book distribution University of Toronto and UBC presses, for example, operate as distributors are key financial elements. Sales revenue has always been comparatively low and uncertain as most Canadian university presses are mandated to publish Canadian HSS topics for which there is limited international readership.
In the past two years, sales revenue has fallen further because of changes in academic library acquisition models and application of the new educational fair dealing clause in Canadian copyright legislation. OA may well have a much smaller impact on sales revenues than might be expected.
In its submission to the ASPP during OA consultations in , ACUP presented data on sales patterns and identified risk to revenues if digital monographs are made freely available within a year of publication. Numerous new models for university presses wanting to offer open access have been proposed or tried but no clear, sustainable model has yet emerged. The role of university presses rests at the core of the academic research enterprise: to disseminate quality-tested research outcomes.
An Open Access environment is a tremendous opportunity to do so more quickly and to far more readers. To serve this role well in an Open Access age, presses need to be academically and financially supported by their own institutions as well as others without presses but whose researchers need access to publishing venues. University presses also need to be supported by the research and student communities, to ensure that responsive, technologically-contemporary publishing venues remain in place and viable.
Funding agencies need to support presses as well, to ensure that their investment in research is fully realized by being made available in an accessible and timely manner. Professors, post-doctoral fellows, and graduate students have a role to play, too, to enable university presses to disseminate new knowledge more rapidly and to as wide a community as the internet can reach.
By doing so, we can help ensure that Canadian researchers continue to have access to publication venues so that our research results reach the audiences and make the impact that they should. Read more… […]. Professors, post docs, grad students, and academic administrators alike have roles to play in making OA work. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account.
A Librarian's Guide to JSTOR
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- The Impact of Print-On-Demand on Academic Books.
- Open Access Monographs: Building Better Infrastructure.
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Data gathered from this workshop will be added to what we have already, along with the detailed information gathered as the project progresses. Later this year, as a result of the work done on this section of the project, we aim to have a pilot test in place open to all UK universities.
See the previous post Investigating access barriers……. This call for Participation invites librarians in Higher Education institutions to join Jisc as we work through issues relating to access to digital monographs as part of the second phase of the National Monographs Strategy project. The deadline for applications in response to this call is 5pm UK time on Friday, 8 th January, One of the areas we are working on is an investigation of ways of providing access to digital monographs. This involves developing actual use cases and examples of real book titles for a test of proposed new workflows that would facilitate wider digital access to book content so that we can design an effective pilot project to tackle those areas with the greatest need.
Linked to this, work is also underway on ways of providing better information about the availability and rights statuses of book titles.
The data and use cases from the libraries participating in the project will inform the creation of a rights portal and feed into user requirements. Jisc is seeking the support and input of librarians from a range of different HEIs to help shape this phase of the work. It is anticipated that participating libraries will engage with the project through a short set of workshops and webinars, as well as providing a list of titles libraries have difficulties in accessing in digital format and the obstacles to access.
Digital access to monographs — call for participation. Digital access to monographs — Application. Should you have any queries about the detail of the application form please contact Vivien Ward vivien. However, there is now less need to reference the overarching strategy and the Roadmap and more urgency to design and implement specific user and customer-led solutions.
The core BIBDOG group will be discussing the scope of its role and the ideal shape of its membership but it seems likely that it will be the governance and steering mechanism for pursuing the sorts of solutions that the NMS proposed. Quite the contrary in fact. The components of the NMS vision as of October I say that because two things have become more and more obvious to me over the last 9 months as I have been trying to work out what the practical implications are for implementing the NMS Roadmap.
The first is mostly because of the second. That might hopefully give others a better chance of working out what they want or need to do; or indeed how we might work together to solve some pretty big problems. Feel free to follow me neilgrindley.outer-edge-design.com/components/via/1670-facebook-tracking-on.php
Waiting lists. Can we improve them?
I also spotted two stories about collaborative shared storage and deposit services. Both are from the US and the first is entitled: Winning the Space Race and describes the inexorable decline in library shelf space and the shared depositories that are emerging as a result. It highlights that the depositories are no longer just used for legacy collections of low use materials, but.
In the age of learning commons and makerspaces, many of them now find that high-density shelving can no longer be restricted to older or less-used materials. Some send substantial numbers of newly acquired volumes directly to an offsite facility, often because they are relatively arcane materials that are still of value to the research collection.
Instead, much of the focus was on the ability to use data to enable institutions and their libraries to make more informed local decisions locally. The ideas from NMS were focused more on developing a national collection — and strategy — which could help alleviate some of the pressure locally, while building a national research collection. Of course, access still has to be provided to the books that are held in other libraries. And additional space may be needed. You can find out more about the roadmap and the ideas in the Jisc blog post that accompanies the report.
In this post I want to briefly explore some of the things that have been happening while the report was waiting to be published. The roadmap marks the beginning of the real work of the strategy: Working with the community to explore, develop and implement the various ideas that emerged from the first phase of the project. Of course, one of the mantras of the NMS has been that the strategy will be a set of doable, pragmatic and collaborative solutions that the various communities interested and working in this space can work together on. This is not a strategy that sits on a shelf unread; its a strategy that attempts to sign post the possible ways forward for addressing the challenges faced by the scholarly monograph.
So, with that in mind I thought it was worth briefly outlining some of the concrete things that are currently happening, or being planned to take forward the monograph strategy:. These are the priority areas being taken forward currently. However, over the next couple of months work will begin on scoping a national monographs license, and the progression of the other core ideas of the strategy.
If you are interested in any of these, or would like to find out how you can get involved, feel free to drop me a line or leave a comment at the bottom of this post. The report is now at the point where we are very close to being able to publish it — This should be within the next couple of weeks. The report will be published as a web page on the Jisc site, along with a post on the Jisc blog to provide a little more background and context.